7 Ways To Remove Black Mold On Wood
Feb17

7 Ways To Remove Black Mold On Wood

In general, homeowners know that it isn’t good to have black mold on wood in their homes, but few people are well-informed enough to know exactly how harmful it can be to them. It is therefore a good idea to monitor your home and check that there aren’t any surprise mold growths, particularly if you live in a humid environment. What is black mold? Toxic black mold flourishes in warm and humid environments, particularly after it has rained heavily or is wet and not dried completely. It usually grows in the basement, bathroom or kitchen or any area exposed to water as in a leak from below the sink in the kitchen or bathroom. Toxic black mold is better known as Stachybotrys chartarum and is extremely dangerous to human beings. It is said to be toxic because it produces toxins known as mycotoxins. Recognizing toxic black mold: It is greenish-black in color and gelatinous in texture with a slimy layer on the surface. What are the symptoms of reaction to black mold? Among the most common risks and health effects of mold are allergies. Some of the most common allergy symptoms of mold include runny nose, wheezing, rash, itchy and watery eyes, redness of the eyes and coughing. Mold also irritates the airways and eyes and skin and causes fever and respiratory problems. Those with low immune systems or chronic lung disease can develop serious lung infections due to mold allergy. Other reactions to black mold include damage to internal organs, mental damage, exhaustion and nausea. In extreme cases, it can also be fatal. How to remove black mold on wood There are many ways of killing black mold that appears on wood. Here are some of them: After cleaning the mildew of its spores, using a vacuum cleaner with a hose, soft brush and HEPA filter will go a long way to get rid of loose spores. Throw all the spores into a plastic bag and put it in your trash can. You can also wash wood with water and a washcloth. Spray the water on the affected parts and rub vigorously with the cloth. Wipe with a paper towel. To get rid of mold on outdoor wooden furniture, rinse it with a garden hose and wipe it dry with a sponge so that no dirt or dust remains. You can also use a solution of dishwashing detergent and warm water and apply it to your wooden furniture. Brush it vigorously with a scrub. If it persists, make a vinegar solution and apply it to your stubborn mold stains. Sanding the wood is another way of getting rid of...

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4 Disadvantages Of Rough Sawn Lumber And How You Can Work Around It
Feb13

4 Disadvantages Of Rough Sawn Lumber And How You Can Work Around It

Though you may have heard the term ‘rough sawn lumber,’ it’s quite likely that you don’t really know what that means. So, let’s define it. Really, this refers to lumber that isn’t yet finished before it’s shipped to be sold. It is kept rough intentionally and must be dried, planed or dressed as the recipient wishes. What exactly happens is that lumber when processed at a mill, sawing it of its roughness is an early step at a time when the boards of the tree haven’t been planed or dried. It continues to be green when shipped, proving that it has neither dried nor cured. So, it will shrink later as it contains 20% water and must be dried under the sun before use. Because it is yet to shrink, it is larger than its finished counterpart, leaving enough room for planing and smoothing. People prefer to by this lumber as it’s relatively inexpensive and it allows them to have greater control. Advantages of using rough sawn lumber: This lumber is usually sold cheaper than finished lumber. It is also thicker than finished wood. It allows the woodworker to have enough wood for a good margin of error, while also saving money. DIY woodworkers and hobbyists prefer rough sawn lumber for their projects as it is economical and they can work with quality wood. It is ideal for a large spectrum of furniture-making. Since it isn’t milled, this kind of wood can give a really rustic feel. This type of wood creates less of an environmental impact since it is only air-dried. Usually, exotic woods that bear rich hues and designs are always rough sawn.  Disadvantages of using rough sawn lumber: It is difficult to work with. It needs to be milled before use. Care must be taken to buy it before it dries completely. Professionals at the lumber mill should let you know if the wood you buy needs to be stacked, interspersed with sticks for drying, or if they need to be kept erect. This means that you can’t work with this wood immediately but only after all the moisture leaves it. Finding a distributor: Your first point of contact to source rough sawn lumber is your local woodworkers’ association. They will recommend distributors and dealers who will give you the lumber you want. Choosing the best rough sawn lumber: Rough sawn lumber needs a lot preparation before it can be used for woodworking projects. Usually, lumber cuts of two-by-four are taken which translate into 1.5 inches x 3.5 inches. To begin, your tool kit and carpentry skills should be ready to use. The advantage of buying this...

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How To Make A Recurve Bow
Feb03

How To Make A Recurve Bow

People interested in learning how to make a recurve bow often do it to save money by making it themselves, while others prefer to have a customized bow. Whatever your reasons may be, making your own bow is sure to teach you a lot about archery. Prepare yourself: First, get to know the different parts of a recurve bow. For this, look for plans and diagrams that show you how to build your own recurve bow. You can get these online or at a local store or you can find them in a self-help kit. You would need the following to build your own recurve bow: Jigsaw Sander Clamps Bow String Wood glue Measuring tape Paint and Paint Brush The basics: These days, recurve bows are made of fibreglass and laminated wood, with the wood acting as the divider between two laminated sheets of fibreglass. The fibreglass, however, takes on the load of carrying the maximum amount of load while the wooden part carries not more than 10% of the load. If you increase the space between the fibreglass and go in for a thicker wooden core, the bow’s strength will automatically increase. It is important to note here that as the wooden core’s thickness doubles, automatically the bow’s weight quadruples. How to prepare the bow: A recurve bow is one up on the traditional bow because it can throw arrows much farther off than a traditional bow, and with greater force. It may take a lot of skill to make a perfect recurve bow, so it’s good to get started now. Your bow will be shaped from a wooden stave. It should be of the same length as your bow and should be made from strong, malleable and flexible wood. Good choices are maple, hickory, lemonwood and yew. You will need a bow shaping frame, a hatchet, a large file, a vice grip, a tillering stick, a heat gun, a draw knife and a few screw clamps. Make the outline of the limbs and arrow. Ensure that the stave is in standing position and with the help of your hatchet, smoothen the stave as much as you can. While marking, take care that you have the sizes your need of flat and narrow limbs. Choose the position of the handle now. Make sure that the stave bends by laying its bottom tip against your Make sure it will bend by putting the bottom tip against the arch of your foot. Hold the upper end of the bow using one hand and pull the back closer to you. However, don’t pull too much as your stave could be badly...

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15 Easy DIY 2×4 Woodworking Projects
Jan17

15 Easy DIY 2×4 Woodworking Projects

One solid reason why 2x4s are popular is that they are easily available for woodworking projects. This makes them inexpensive to buy and easy to work with. Imagine, they can easily be cut into small pieces or used to make projects of different sizes including furniture. An important factor you should know about 2x4s is that they don’t measure 2×4. In fact, when you see them at home improvement stores, you will find that they measure 6′ x 12′; 2″ thick and 4″ wide in their natural state. After milling, their size is reduced to 1½” x 3½”. Despite this, it’s equally important to know that working on 2x4s are a budget-friendly way of starting out in woodworking. They are also simple to work with, which could be very encouraging for newcomers. However, before you get into building 2×4 projects, bear this in mind: Use your planer and jointer to flatten your wood and ensure it’s absolutely square. You need to do this as the 2x4s you see at timber yards are often twisted and warped, which doesn’t give you good furniture. Uses: 2×4 is generally used to make furniture, but it is also used to make cupboards, and on floors and walls.  It is cheap to buy and is available in sizes of 6 feet-10 feet, which you can easily chop off after use. Here are 15 Easy DIY 2×4 Woodworking Projects that you could start off with: Modern Bench: You can build this practical bench very easily. Begin by tailoring the 2x4s down to the size w anted and hold it together with adhesive and clamps. Once you’ve stained and sealed it, your bench will be one that you can sit on indoors and outdoors. Bar Stools: You can create your own bar stools in 2×4 and assemble them using lap joints. The finished look is sharper than most stools you’d find in any store, and with these you choose the height, dimensions, and stain. And here’s another kind of bar stool which allows for a lot of sawing. You can create a three-legged bar stool that comprises a trio of 2x4s, eight feet long, that are turned into slim leggy bar stools. Wood strips are stuck together to make seats and after staining, the wood grain stands out effectively. Giant Jenga: It’s easy to build a table-top Jenga, despite its small size. Here, instead of making a small table-top, you can build a set of giant Jenga pieces with the help of 2x4s. Only, remember to sand them down and make them all of the same size. Sawhorses: If you’re a woodworking hobbyist or a professional,...

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9 Homemade Laminate Floor Cleaners
Dec23

9 Homemade Laminate Floor Cleaners

Laminate flooring is preferred for its colour choices, low maintenance, durability and price over other types of flooring. However, it loses its shine as time passes, due to dirt and grime building up. You can’t wax this floor as you would a wood floor, nor can you use a soapy product because that will dull your flooring. But you know that if you had a good homemade laminate floor cleaner, it would definitely make a huge difference to the way your laminate flooring looks. How to make laminate floors shine: For you, here are a few ways by which you can get the shine back on your laminate floor: #1. Vinegar: Dip a rag in white vinegar and rub the floor till you get the original laminate shine back. Once this happens, your next step is to clean the floor well. If your flooring has lost its shine due to wear and tear, you will need to use a floor shine restoration product. To clean the floor, vacuum the floor so that you don’t have any dirt particles that could cause scratch marks on the floor. To a bucket of hot water, add 3/4 cup of vinegar. Wet your mop in the hot water and vinegar solution and mop the floor until you get the original sheen of your laminate flooring back. #2. Buff the floor: It takes just a few minutes to buff the floor. You can do this using a mop head or cleaning cloth, or better still, use microfiber cleaning cloths. Continue to buff your floor till you see a pleasant shine. #3. Use floor mats to protect your floor: Instead of exposing your floor to all kinds of abuse, you can protect it by placing mats at the entrance of your home, both inside and outside. You can also ask family and friends to take off their footwear before entering your home. In case you have spills, wipe them immediately. If you have plants that are growing out of their planters, place furniture protectors. #4. Clean the floor thoroughly: Sweep the floor, remove all crusts, pet hair, dust particles or other forms of dirt. Clean the walls and below your furniture since hair and small dust particles have a way of sliding across your laminate flooring. If there’s a slight breeze, any dust and dirt can get dislodged and settle onto your floor and make you sweep it all over again. Use a broom and dustpan or a vacuum cleaner for this. #5. Use ammonia and water: Mix ammonia and water and make a solution of it in the ratio of 1:3. This solution works...

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How to Remove Baseboards
Dec05

How to Remove Baseboards

Are you repainting your room? To achieve a more professional look, it would help if you first take off the baseboards. However, if you try to remove the baseboards of your room with a pry bar, you will definitely damage the drywall and the trim. You might want to reuse the baseboard or replace it, no matter what you decide, taking off the baseboards with care would go a long way. Here’s how to remove baseboards. In fact, this method teaches you how to remove baseboards without damaging drywall: Before launching into removing any baseboards, you need to examine them closely. Look at the edges–your starting point of baseboard removal. Also, check the type of paint on the wall and baseboards. If you try to take the baseboards off the wall before checking the paint, you can damage the wall substantially. Should you be in such a situation, you should pass a utility knife between the baseboard and wall and move it till the end of the baseboard. This will help remove the latex paint but will not damage the wall or even the baseboard. Cut the entire length of a piece of baseboard where it joins up with the wall. Use a common knife for this purpose, taking off any paint and caulk that might have stuck to the baseboards. By cutting the entire length of the baseboard where the two surfaces meet, you will not tear off the paint and paper from the drywall and leave an ugly surface. Drive a six-inch metal putty knife behind the baseboard and twist it while pulling it towards you so that the nails or pins that hold the trim on the wall come loose. Beginning at one end of the baseboard, keep doing this along its length until the entire length comes off the wall. However, you will need a lot of patience as this process is time-consuming. If the knife doesn’t get under the trim easily, tap its handle with a hammer so that the blade sinks in fast. Once the entire baseboard comes off, pull one end of it from the wall. Do this gently so that you don’t damage whatever’s in between, like another wall or door trim. If you find one end of the trim still tight, rock it upwards and downwards until it is free of the wall. If you mean to reset the baseboards where they came from, it would be a good idea to number them or give them some identification to help you reinstate them correctly. Continue this procedure on the next drywall length until you remove all the pieces that require...

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